Volahanta Raharimanana

Volahanta Raharimanana

Saturday, 20 February 2021 04:47

Both studying and working: is it a good idea?

Student life is not as easy as people may think, especially when you begin to study at the university.

For students, it is always challenging as you make a transition from high school classes to something much more different than usual, as higher education can be. As if you go from childhood to adulthood, you grow up and find out something newer and greater than you have already learnt and known before. As how it goes being an academic student - as things may suddenly change – you may probably need to work whether it is part-time or full-time so as you can fund your studies and complete them successfully.   

Here we are talking of the concept of “work-study-life balance” rather than a simple “study-life balance”. For students who are not granted a fully-funded scholarship program - because even partially funded, they always need to search for a job to provide for their needs as students - more particularly those who pursue a master’s degree or doctorate. These are the ones who sometimes engage in a full-time job while undergraduate students are more likely to choose a part-time job due to the tight and fixed timetables.

The real challenge in becoming a working student is that undergraduates are often seen to be short on time. This is because they may struggle with managing their time and schedule, balancing their energy and handling stress. They need to juggle with increasing their academic performance by completing all the credits per semester and committing to finishing all the tasks allocated as an employee. Some students may even be found facing hard times leading to depression, and burn-out. In a study conducted by Gorgulho, et al. (2012) on the effects of working while in school, it has been shown that employee students struggled with maintaining a healthy and balanced life: they lack of sleep, they have poor eating habits, and they appear to be easily contracted by a chronic disease. 50 percent of students surveyed at a university reported to be sleep deprived (“Delayed Sleep and Sleep Loss in University Students”, 2015) and 35 percent of college students were estimated to be at risk for being overweight due to their poor nutrition (Huang, et al., 2003)

Faratiana, a master’s student at the University of Antananarivo who has already been a trainee and employee shares to us her experience on how she handles her study while working: “truth be told it is somehow difficult, mainly at the beginning, when you have no experience yet at juggling studies and work. But I was lucky enough as my boss at that time was very understanding of the fact that I was still a college student and that studies should always come first. Thus, they allowed me to monthly or even weekly arrange my work schedule according to the availability that my studies conferred me. Sometimes I had to attend extra classes, and I had to work extra hours or work even during Saturday mornings. When you juggle with work and study, you have to set an order of priority. What task in what time is more important? I remember we were assigned urgent tasks to complete at work, and because I knew it was vital I had to make the choice of skipping classes at the University. When you miss class like that,  you must count on your classmates’ support and borrow their notes”.

Sources: sites.psu.edu / “Quality of diet of working college students”, Bartira Gorgulho et al. 2012. / “Learning capability and storage capacity of two-hidden-layer feedforward networks”, Guang-Bin Huang. 2003 / “Delayed sleep and sleep loss in university students”, Leon C. Lack. 1986.

Have you ever heard about the story of Romeo and Juliet of Shakespeare? There is Malagasy version quite similar to this one, the legend of “Rabeniomby sy Ravolahanta”. This is a story known by most Malagasy people that occurred in the lake of Tritriva. Even if it is viewed as a legend, some people believe that this is real and it inspires them respect and fear.

Located 18km west of the town of Antsirabe on the road to Betafo, the lake of Tritriva is a natural site with beautiful sky-colored waters nestled at an altitude of about 2,000meters in a hollow of a mountain. A very long ago, the lake has been shown to be a volcano which erupted and then changed into a volcanic crater lake surrounded by a pine forest and perched high on a hill. Tritriva has attracted many travelers and foreigners’ attention and interest thanks not only to its splendid landscape, but also to the mystery which spans over the story of the lake. This mystery has made the place sacred and instilled locals’ belief and sense of respect. As a result, people of tritriva lake put some taboos or “fady” so as to honor and respect it, and whoever planning a visit to the site must avoid what has been forbidden such as swimming in the lake after eating pork.

It all began with the legend of “Rabeniomby sy Ravolahanta". An anecdote that relates the tragic and sad-ending story of two lovers named Rabeniomby and Ravolahanta. They fell in love but their relationship was not countenanced by the parents of both sides. Their union was impossible due to the difference in their social status; the family of the young man was well-off as they belonged to the noble rank, while that of the young woman was from a poor lineage. This social gap caused them to commit suicide by jumping wrapping each other into the lake. Since then, the legend on how a tree interlacing on the rim of the cliff where they jumped over started to appear. Inhabitants of the nearby village explain that the tree features the two sweethearts and that if someone pinches or cuts this tree, it will bleed. There was another story of a heady Chinese man who insisted on swimming in the lake after eating pork and shortly after, he was found dead. Since this tragic and strange incident, some people come to believe that there are really ghosts which hung around the lake and assume that it was maybe the spirit of the people who died in the water. Others just say that it is quite a normal if people die while swimming in a pond of 160 meter-deep and very cold which was formerly a volcano. It has been also declared that when someone died inside the reservoir, their dead body was found floating in the lake of Andraikiba, also a volcanic lake located 20kilometers away from the city of Antsirabe.

Both Tritriva and Andaikiba remain the favorite destinations of tourists and holidaymakers when it comes down to visiting the Vakinakaratra region. If you think of visiting one of them, given that each region of Madagascar has its own culture and custom, you should then keep in mind that wherever you go, you must pay attention to the “do’s and don’ts” of the place you visit. Enjoy your trip but do not forget to be respectful!

Sources: “The Volcanic Lake of Tritriva: Its Physical Features and Legendary History”. The Antananarivo Annual and Madagascar Magazine (London Missionary Society) /motmalgache.org / madagascartravel.com

Happy Valentine’s Day to all the lovebirds!

February, 14: today we celebrate a special day meant for lovers. It is always important to note that every special holiday hides a story behind it, whether it is true or a fiction; a legend or a tale, interesting or boring! Anyway, there is always a story to relate and maybe a symbol to which to refer when it comes down to celebrating a special day like Valentine’s Day.  

Valentine’s Day has a number of possible origins. One of the most common symbols to which we can refer the romantic holiday is the earliest popular symbol “Cupid”, best-known as the Roman god of love who features an image of a young cherub with bow and arrow. It has also been said that it has taken its roots in legend of two men both named Valentine. The first one was a Roman martyr who was beheaded on a 14th of February because of his refusal to worship the Roman gods, as he was a Christian priest. The other Valentine was an Italian bishop from Terni, who was also executed because he accepted to secretly marry a young couple, which was, at that time, against the laws of the Roman emperor. On the other hand, Valentine’s Day known as a romantic holiday has been thought to be popularized by Shakespeare, seen almost in his work, such as in “Hamlet” where the word Valentine’ s Day appeared. The custom with exchanging heart-felt gifts and cards has turned out to originate in the 18th century in England; it is in the 20th century that it has been spread. In fact, the card-sending tradition was first prompted by famous Middle Ages writers and poets. They created handmade paper cards for special days. Then, in the 19th century, the process of factory-made and mass-producing cards and other valentines’ gifts began. According to the National Retail Federation, Valentine’s Day brings up to 18 billion dollars per year in sales in 2017 thanks to these traditional gifts. It has been shown that 85 percent of American women buy Valentine’s Day cards, and that men buy over 70 percent of the flowers. Celebrating Valentine’s Day has come to be a kind of symbol for some; expressing the magic word “I LOVE YOU” and offering a gift for the loved one has turned to be a must and a very important thing to do when this special day comes. People are too eager to celebrate it but maybe do not appreciate the story.

So today, the famous day of love is celebrated by many people across the world, making this 14th day of February so special, not only for lovers, but also for families. Indeed, Valentines’ Day means much more than just a simple romantic holiday or a custom; it is more of a symbol, it is the celebration of love itself. Happy Valentine’s Day all!

Sources: American English / Psychology Today

Lying within Black Hills National Forest, the Mount Rushmore National Memorial features a huge sculpted faces of four great American presidents: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and Theodore Roosevelt.

Mount Rushmore National Memorial is a US monument located near Keystone in the Black Hills of South Dakota. It lies roughly 30 miles southwest of Rapid City, 10 miles northeast of Custer and north of Custer State Park. Also called America’s Shrine of Democracy, Mount Rushmore symbolizes the history and the ideals of freedom and democracy left as a heritage to American people. The 60-feet tall faces carved in granite into the mountainside of black hills are, indeed, a tribute to the four US presidents. The man behind the memorial, Doane Robinson, was strongly persuaded that they were America’s most prominent presidents who marked US history. At the same time, he thought of making it as a patriotic site that would represent both the past of the United States and the promise for the future. As a result, Mount Rushmore National Memorial – since its design – continues to attract more tourists worldwide and has been ranked among one of America’s most popular tourist attractions.

The sculpture and depiction of the Mount Rushmore
The idea of carving on the granite face of a mountain in the Black Hills first came from an historian from South Dakota, named Doane Robinson. He had in his mind the perfect images of iconic and historic heroes of the west and was too optimistic to undertake his monumental project; a project that caused quite a controversy among some. In fact, there is a gloomy story hidden behind the memorial revealing that the land where the memorial is located and what is around belonged to the Native American tribes known as “the Sioux”; for them the land was sacred. That is why we see today some Native American activists who continue to claim properties including Mount Rushmore. In August 1924, Robinson contacted an American sculptor named Gutzon Borglum and convinced him to work for the project. At that time, Borglum was already assigned to carve an image of the Confederate General Robert E. Lee into the face of Georgia’s Stone Mountain but was then fired. Shortly after, he finally accepted to work with Robinson and the sculpture of the four presidential heads began in 1927. Robinson wanted first Borglum to carve the face of George Washington and Abraham Lincoln and later he suggested adding that of Thomas Jefferson and Theodore Roosevelt. The project was finished in 1941. In July 4, 2020, for the first time in several decades, fireworks were displayed to commemorate the Independence Day at the Mount Rushmore National Monument. Other interesting things to see in Mount Rushmore
Many other amenities or facilities are present at Mount Rushmore sites, which will surely enable tourists to spend joyful moments and enjoy their journey in South Dakota. Among these is the Avenue of Flags, a walkway leading towards the mountain with 56 flags hung up side by side and arranged in alphabetic order. The 56 flags depict the 50 states, one district, three territories and two commonwealths of the United States.

If ever come over South Dakota, do not forget to drop by the Black Hills to visit the Mount Rushmore National Memorial. Furthermore, Presidents’ Day is coming soon – a public holiday, observed annually every third Monday of February, aiming at honoring US presidents’ achievements and invaluable contributions to the United States of America.

Sources: National Park Service / HISTORY/ Mount Rushmore National Memorial

Wednesday, 10 February 2021 06:30

Black History Month: why February?

February is not only the month of love, but also the annual celebration of African Americans’ achievements, more known as the Black History Month.

Throughout February, many events will be organized and activities outreached following a specific theme each year. As a month-long annual celebration, Black History Month is more particularly dedicated to honoring and promoting the achievements of Americans of color, and other people of African descent. At the same time, it is a real opportunity for the future generation to reflect the past towards understanding African American history and getting more involved into the observance. So, where does exactly the idea of celebrating Black History Month come from?

In fact, the answer always lies with Carter Godwin Woodson, the man known as the father of black history. He is also known as the founder of the “Negro History Week”, which is today’s Black History Month.  Before initiating the Negro history week, Carter G. Woodson had primarily launched the ASNLH or the “Association for the Study of Negro Life and History” which focused on black studies field. He had, then, the idea to create a celebration week dedicated to spreading the field of black study and recognizing the long-standing accomplishments by black Americans, which coincided with the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln (born February 12) and Frederick Douglas (born February 14).The event was, indeed, observed every second week of February. Both Lincoln and Douglas had played a major role in advancing black communities. Abraham Lincoln was most known for issuing the Emancipation Proclamation and Frederick Douglass as an eminent abolitionist figure. They became a sort of symbol of freedom and liberation for black people. Long before the Negro history week was created, the two iconic figures had already been honored on their birthdays by African American communities for their contributions. It was several years later that most communities and institutions began to recognize the Negro History Week and then engaged in the week-long celebration. In the 1960s, thanks partially to the American civil rights movement and the awareness among African Americans, the Negro History Week shifted into a month-long recognition. In 1976, US President Gerald Ford officially dedicated February as Black History Month to honor legacies and great achievements of many important African American figures such as Frederick Douglas, MLK, Maya Angelou, and Harriet Tubman.

Sources: HISTORY / oprahmag.com

Black History Month has been the result of long-standing efforts and achievements of some notable Black American figures. One of these figures is Carter Godwin Woodson, an African American historian well known as the father of black history.

Carter Godwin Woodson is an outstanding historian and author born on December 19, 1875 in New Canton, Virginia. He grew up duringthe reconstruction era in the late 19thcentury, a period right after President Abraham Lincoln proclaiming all enslaved black people free, also known as emancipation proclamation. Woodson descended from enslaved parentage; both his grandfather and father were enslaved by the same owner in Buckingham Country. In his early life, Woodson had already been quite a special little boy as he was too obedient to his father who strongly taught him about sense of pride, hope, integrity, resilience and the importance of education. As a result, he exactly knew how he could excel himself through self-teaching. He used the bible and other learning tools and means to learn to read and write. As a teenager, he had first to work on farms to help his family; and when reaching the age of 20 he joined his brothers in coal miners in West Virginia. As from this time, he started to save money to enroll for a formal education at Frederick Douglass High School Huntington, one of the few black high school institutions at that time and the only one in West Virginia. After graduating he went to Berea College in Kentucky where he got a Bachelor degree in Literature. He then continued his studies at the University of Chicago where he earned his second bachelor’s degree and a master’s degree, both in 1908. In 1912, he received his Ph. D. in History at Harvard University, where he became the second African American of enslaved parentage to earn a Ph.D. degree from one of the most respected US Universities.

Dr. Carter G. Woodson and Black History month

While studying at Berea College, Dr. Woodson had already become an educator, and had taught history at some high schools. These included a high school in Winona, West Virginia and Frederick Douglass High School later on, where he became the principal. His study choice had appeared an evidence for the move he was going to undertake; as if it was already his predilection domain to stand out for Black people lives and change forever the flow of story. In fact, after graduating in history at Harvard, he began to specialize in the field of black history by writing his first book associated with the topic. Shortly after his work came out in 1915, he took the initiative to found an organization aiming at studying and promoting the field of black American history and culture as well as their contributions in the formation of America. The organization he founded with four other men of colour is called Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (ASNLH). Dr Woodson had been so optimistic in spreading Black influence through his work and his move as a black leader, driving him to create and sponsor the “Negro History Week” which is today’s Black History Month. Black history month has been officially recognized as a monthly annual celebration in the United States by the late 1960s.

Sources: ThoughtCo / National Park Service (nps.gov)

 

Who does not want to pursue study abroad, especially when it comes down to enrolling at the best colleges or universities?

However, it is not everyone who could afford the expensive costs required in attending classes in these institutions. Noticing this makes many schools worldwide to compete in offering grant or scholarship opportunities and programs to the best and skilled students who are eager in undertaking international studies or only a training program. This proves that education remains the best and the surest way leading to success. Fulbright is one of the programs which provide awards to foreign students with high performance to pursue study in a higher education institution in the US.

For a comprehensive understanding of how this scholarship works, it is always important to know first what it is exactly. So, it all started in 1945 with a US senator named J. William Fulbright who had a genius idea to introduce a bill in the United States Congress aiming at promoting international good will through the exchange of students in the fields of education, culture and science. It is on August, 1, 1946 that the Fulbright program was created after President Harry S. Truman signed the Bill into law; a program sponsored by the US government known as the flagship international educational exchange program (fulbrightonline.org). Since then, Fulbright has become the largest US exchange program offering opportunities to foreign students and granting about 2,000 awards annually in more than 140 countries.

Here we are with the 2022-2023 Fulbright foreign student program which has been launched a few weeks ago. The call for application is now opened for this 2022-2023 academic year for those who are interested in pursuing a master’s degree in their chosen field in a US higher education institution; and the deadline will be on March 19, 2021. To be eligible for this program as a Malagasy applicant, one needs first to be a citizen of Madagascar, residing currently here in Madagascar; then holding a “Maitrîse” degree, M-1 with a degree, or equivalent of a US bachelor’s degree in the field of specialization; mastering English language both in speaking, listening, writing and reading; having outstanding academic grades, references or experiences in the chosen field; being highly motivated and committed to completing the program and then returning home and the last one is to have no recent experience in the US. All the requirements are available here.

Here is a testimony from Lanto Fifaliana Ratodimahavonjy, a Malagasy woman who relates her incredible journey as a former Fulbright scholar.

“I was selected for the Fulbright scholarship’s 2017-2018 cycle to attend the Master of Laws (LLM) program at Duke University School of Law. When I submitted my online application in 2016, I did not know what to expect other than the selection process being long and multi-facetted. The advice that I would give the current or future Fulbright applicants is for them to keep their study and career objectives in mind throughout the process. They should keep in mind that the original goal of the Fulbright program was the “promotion of international good will through the exchange of students in the fields of education, culture, and science”.

“Accordingly, they should give close attention to how their objectives would benefit Madagascar upon their return. The Fulbright scholarship is exceptionally competitive and the application cannot be done on a whim. Applicants should strongly consider preparing their application months in advance. Early preparation is particularly important while drafting the study objectives portion. Indeed, choosing the right track is one of the keys to a successful application as it needs to be coherent with your past studies and experiences. Before applying, applicants should ensure that they can trace a direct path from their background to their future goals and that the path aligns with the mission of the Fulbright program. I encourage every student who is eager for new opportunities to apply for the Fulbright scholarship. It is truly a life-changing experience! I learnt that I am more capable than I had ever imagined. Further, it presents an opportunity for applicants to experience world-class institutions. Duke University is a vibrant and multicultural institution with students from all across the world. Living in such a community enabled me to acquire social and professional skills that I would have never acquired otherwise, skills that I now apply to each project I undertake in Madagascar and abroad”, says Lanto Fifaliana Ratodimahavonjy, who is now a New York attorney and legal manager and co-founder of Women Lead Movement Madagascar.

Sources: fulbrightonline.org / EducationUSA

Last cases of wild poliovirus have been detected five years ago in some regions of Africa. The most recent case has been shown to occur in northeast Nigeria. However, since that incident taking place in 2016 up to the present day, no more new cases have been recorded and the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared that Africa is finally free from wild poliovirus. In fact, Africa owed this achievement to a long process of polio-eradication programme, from which a vaccination and immunization programme was developed to prevent the spread of the disease.

Despite such successful achievements in polio-prevention, vaccine-derived virus has still appeared to persist. Indeed, Africa’s fight against the virus seems not to be yet over. Since 2019, about 20 countries worldwide have been reported to have increasing cases of poliovirus due to vaccine-derived polio. 177 cases were estimated to be identified last year in Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Central African Republic, and Angola (WHO). This has been, in fact, triggered by lack of further immunization or low immunization rates as still many communities are seen under immunized with poor sanitation, causing a new form of poliovirus. Polio vaccination that includes oral polio vaccine (OPV) can, in some rare cases, be the trigger factor of the outbreak of the virus regardless of how safe and effective the vaccine is. Used in some countries, OPV is done with oral drops which contain an attenuated form of poliovirus that activates an immune response in the body.  When a child is immunized with OPV, the immunity is developed and antibodies are built up; in the meanwhile the vaccine-virus is also excreted. Then, this excreted vaccine-virus can, on rare occasions, spread in under-immunized populations and mutate into a strain that will cause paralysis; this is known as circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV). This is why it is important to continue to vaccinate as many individuals as possible so as to eradicate this deadly infectious disease.

Thus far, two types of poliovirus were found: wild poliovirus (WPV) and circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus (cVDPV).  Wild poliovirus can be defined as an infectious virus invading the nervous system and can cause death and paralysis; whilst cVDPV is a mutated form of WPV, which mostly emerges in under-immunized populations. In fact, there is no cure to poliovirus; yet vaccination remains the safe way to protect children for life. To stop transmission of WPV and cVDPV, countries or communities should be willing to accept to get vaccinated. As such, only two vaccines have been thought to be used to fight against poliovirus: the oral polio vaccine (OPV) and the inactivated polio vaccine (IPV). OPV is the most common vaccine used in some countries, which include African countries; while IPV is known as the only polio vaccine that has been given in the United States since 2000 (CDC). The difference between both vaccines is that IPV is given by shot in the leg or arm and essentially used to maintain population immunity levels as stated by the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI). GPEI also intends to take on a project aiming at using IPV in other countries.

 

Sources: World Health Organization (WHO) / The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) / Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

People of color have so long played a crucial role throughout American history. This role dated back to many centuries ago when the first African American servants arrived in the new land, the United States today.

African American people were first sent in the American colonies to serve as slaves to later become key-player figures in the history of America, to finally make huge impacts through their humble and successful contributions both nationwide and worldwide. They even continue to spread their influence until the present day. Among these outstanding Black American figures include:

  • Frederick Douglass, ex-slave, abolitionist, author and orator who contributed to African American liberation and civil rights.
  • Harriet Tubman, an iconic figure behind the famed “Underground Railroad” and through which she helped many Black people to escape from slavery.
  • Rosa Parks, a civil rights activist best-known for her refusal to give up her seat to a white man on a bus in Montgomery.
  • Martin Luther King, Baptist minister, important civil rights leader and activist made famous for his stirring speech “I have a Dream”.
  • Edward W. Brooke is the first African American US senator who represented Massachusetts in the Senate.
  • Mae Jemison or Dr. Mae Jemison is the first African-American female Astronaut.
  • Barack Obama, the first African American US President, elected 44th President of the United States of America.
  • Kamala Harris, the America’s first black female Vice President who has been sworn in last week, on January 20, in front of the Capitol building in Washington D.C.
  • Amanda Gorman, an outstanding Black American woman poet who joined the President-elect Joe Biden and Vice President Kamala Harris for inauguration 2021 and was entitled the youngest known inaugural poet in US history.

African American History Month origin and celebration

Black History month is an annual observance that originated in the US. This is not viewed as a public holiday; instead, it is observed as a month-long annual celebration which runs throughout the month of February. The celebration that mostly aims at honoring and promoting the achievements by African Americans originally began with “the Negro History Week” initiated by Carter G. Woodson. Carter Godwin Woodson is an American historian who first popularized the Black studies field and introduced it into schools. He founded the ASNLH or “Association for the Study of Negro Life and History” in 1926 with Jesse E. Moorland and then sponsored a Negro history week, dedicated mainly to commemorating and promoting Black Americans’ accomplishments. This was chosen to be celebrated every second week of February which generally coincided with the birthdays of Abraham Lincoln –the US President behind the emancipation proclamation during the civil war in 1863 – and Frederick Douglass. The event really instilled communities and institutions’ interest for the celebration, driving them to outreach activities such as black history clubs, performances and lectures.

Black History Month was then officially recognized by the late 1960s partially thanks to the Civil rights movement which was spurred by many Black Americans’ growing awareness; and since then, every American President has appointed February as Black History Month with a designated specific theme each year.

For 2021, the Black History month theme will be “Black Family: Representation, Identity and Diversity”. To celebrate, ‘The American’ will share many relevant stories throughout the whole month of February.

Sources: HISTORY / Africanamericanhistory.gov

Saturday, 30 January 2021 06:00

What does Super Bowl LV have in store?

Finalists unveiled: Kansas City Chiefs and the Tampa Bay Buccaneers will battle it out at the National Football League’s Super Bowl 55 on February 7?

The Super Bowl, known as the biggest annual sporting event followed by … almost everyone in America, takes place every first Sunday of February. Most Americans observe and treat it as a national day even though it is not set as an official holiday. As it is the most-viewed sporting event throughout the US, Americans celebrate it by getting together with family and friends for a party while not missing the broadcast live event.  Super Bowl is indeed the final American football championship game of NFL and NFL kickoff game is what is called the first championship game. 32 teams play 16 games all along the year until the season ends in December or January to finally decide which six teams will be qualified for the playoffs. The playoffs are mostly played in three rounds: the Wild Card Round, the Divisional Round, and the Conference Championships. The winners of the Conference Championships go on to face each other at the Super Bowl.

Looking ahead to the 55th Super Bowl

Super Bowl does not only come down to sporting event, and it is not only limited to the game itself. One of the other biggest awaited moments is the Super Bowl “halftime show”. Last year, during the super bowl LIV held in Miami, two well-known pop stars were performing on stage: Jennifer Lopez and Shakira. This year, Canadian singer and songwriter The Weeknd will heat up the stage of Raymond James Stadium at Tampa Bay. This is what The Weeknd said in an official release: “We all grow up watching the world’s biggest acts playing the Super Bowl and one can only dream of being in that position. I’m humbled, honored and ecstatic to be the center of that infamous stage this year”. The game is apparently set to kickoff at 6:30 pm. E.T.

Super Bowl games have been also shown to be the United States’ most-watched television broadcast. This is partly due to the commercial nature of the big event, leading remarkable commercials to air during the game. Super Bowl advertisements have really turned out to be a real cultural phenomenon in America. It has even been said that many American people watch the Super Bowl only for the ads and the commercials. Currently amid the Covid-19 pandemic, viewers and commercials remain skeptical concerning the unfolding of this upcoming Super Bowl. Nevertheless, some of the most common Super Bowl advertisers are still committed to this 2021 event and have accepted to appear again. Among them are Pringles and Toyota. Furthermore, the NFL is reportedly planning to allow 20 percent seating capacity for the game at Raymond James stadium.

Things may be different this year, but Super Bowl is still on the spot. All American eyes will be on Tampa Bay, Florida. The game, The Weeknd’s halftime show and the highly expected Super Bowl commercials will be broadcast on CBS (Columbia Broadcasting System) on February 7.

Sources: Sports Illustrated (SI NFL)/ Time and Date/ The New York Times

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This website was funded by a grant from the United States Department of State. The opinions, findings and conclusions stated herein are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect those of the United States Department of State.